Gene Wyll, M.D.
Ophthalmologist, Surgeon and Contact Lens Specialist

Dry Eye Syndrome

What is Dry Eye Syndrome?

Dry eye syndrome refers to a condition in which the eye does not produce an adequate tear film to keep the eye moist.

What are the symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome?

  • Burning, grittiness, stinging and or redness of the eyes;

  • Stringy mucus in or around the eyes;
  • Excessive irritation from smoke, wind or dry environments; or
  • Difficulty tolerating contact lenses.

What is the tear film?

Each time you blink, a protective coating of tears is spread over the front of the eye.  The tear film coats the eye, and the resultant smooth surface helps promote good vision, nourishes the eye, and protects the eye from outside irritants and potential infection.  There are three layers of the tear film, the oily layer, the watery layer, and the mucus layer, each of which is produced by glands adjacent to the surface of the eye.

What causes Dry Eye Syndrome?

As we age, tear production normally decreases, especially in post-menopausal women.  Dry eye syndrome is frequently associated with arthritis and connective tissue disorders.  Certain oral and topical medications can result in dry eyes, as can disorders of the eyelids.

How is Dry Eye Syndrome diagnosed?

Dr. Wyll has the experience to diagnose dry eye syndrome by performing a thorough medical examination of the eyes along with tests.

How is Dry Eye Syndrome treated?

The mainstay of treatment for dry eyes is tear replacement therapy.  Many artificial teardrops, both preserved and non-preserved, are available to treat this condition, as well as ointments for bedtime use.  Prescription medication may be recommended to treat certain instances of dry eye syndrome.  Sometimes, temporary or permanent closure of the tear outflow tracts is utilized to preserve the tears that the patient produces in the eyes.

610 North Coit, Suite 2115 Richardson, Texas 75080    Telephone 214-575-4455    Fax  972-918-0480

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